哺餵給寶貝的母乳,其營養成份完全取決於媽媽的飲食,所以哺乳中的媽媽一定要確定自己有攝取到足夠的維它命、礦物質及必需脂肪酸,如 Omega-3。也有研究報導顯示,母奶中的 DHA,遠比魚油補充品或 DHA 粉末,還是加在配方奶中的 DHA 有效。(1) 

在哺乳過程,媽媽們飲食中如果有適量的 Omega-3,也就能夠給寶貝的含有豐富 DHA 的母奶。

建議攝取量
美國和加拿大的飲食協會建議哺乳中的媽媽每天攝取的 DHA 和 EPA 的量加起來要超過 500 毫克,如果說每天飲食攝取量為2000千卡。(2) 國際脂肪酸研究協學會特別針對哺乳中的媽媽提出每天至少要攝取300毫克的 DHA。(3)

 

北極熊媽媽建議適合魚油產品
我們建議 DHA 含量最高的挪威北極熊魚油添加磷蝦油膠囊,只要兩顆挪威北極熊魚油添加磷蝦油膠囊,394毫克的 DHA,就可滿足一天所需。

參考資料

  1. Meldrum, S.J., et al., Determinants of DHA levels in early infancy: differential effects of breast milk and direct fish oil supplementation. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids, 2012. 86(6): p. 233-9.
  2. Kris-Etherton, P.M., et al., Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: dietary fatty acids. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 2007. 107(9): p. 1599-611.
  3. Simopoulos, A.P., A. Leaf, and N. Salem, Jr., Workshop on the Essentiality of and Recommended Dietary Intakes for Omega-6 and Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 1999. 18(5): p. 487-9.
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  5. Helland, I.B., et al., Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children’s IQ at 4 years of age. Pediatrics, 2003. 111(1): p. e39-44.
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  8. Oddy, W.H., et al., Atopy, eczema and breast milk fatty acids in a high-risk cohort of children followed from birth to 5 yr. Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 2006. 17(1): p. 4-10.
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  11. Furuhjelm, C., et al., Allergic disease in infants up to 2 years of age in relation to plasma omega-3 fatty acids and maternal fish oil supplementation in pregnancy and lactation. Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 2011. 22(5): p. 505-14.
  12. Hageman, J.H., et al., The impact of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on respiratory illness in infants and children. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep, 2012. 12(6): p. 564-73.
  13. Prescott, S.L., et al., Maternal fish oil supplementation in pregnancy modifies neonatal leukotriene production by cord-blood-derived neutrophils. Clinical science, 2007. 113(10): p. 409-16.
  14. Denburg, J.A., et al., Fish oil supplementation in pregnancy modifies neonatal progenitors at birth in infants at risk of atopy. Pediatric research, 2005. 57(2): p. 276-81.
  15. Dunstan, J.A., et al., The effect of supplementation with fish oil during pregnancy on breast milk immunoglobulin A, soluble CD14, cytokine levels and fatty acid composition. Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2004. 34(8): p. 1237-42.
  16. Furuhjelm, C., et al., Th1 and Th2 chemokines, vaccine-induced immunity, and allergic disease in infants after maternal omega-3 fatty acid supplementation during pregnancy and lactation. Pediatric research, 2011. 69(3): p. 259-64.
  17. Urwin, H.J., et al., Immune factors and fatty acid composition in human milk from river/lake, coastal and inland regions of China. Br J Nutr, 2013. 109(11): p. 1949-61.